Bridal & Engagement
Jewellers Vigilance Canada
The April birthstone is diamond. Diamonds are most recognized as a colourless stone; however, diamonds do come in a variety of colours, called “fancies” or fancy-colour diamonds. Red, pink, yellow, blue and green have been found in nature, both in light and darker tones.
The first riverbed diamonds were presumably discovered in India around 800 B.C. India remained the primary source of diamonds until more were found in Brazil around 1725. Later finds in South Africa made this the primary source around 1866, with new technology making Russia a key source after 1954. Today, Canada has become the newest member of the diamond producing nations.
The name diamond comes from the Greek word “adamas”, meaning “invincible”. Diamonds were thought to bring the wearer balance, clarity, strength and abundance. They were thought to be God’s tears or created by lightning bolts. Diamonds were thought to have healing powers, with the ability to draw out toxins and replenish the body. Diamonds have been the traditional engagement ring since the early 1900s, and remain the gem of choice for the modern bride and groom.
Generally, diamonds of deeper hues are considered more valuable. Colour is sometimes introduced in a laboratory to achieve the desired shade. These are correctly called colour-treated diamonds. When purchasing a fancy-colour diamond, be sure to ask if any enhancements or treatments were used to improve its colour or clarity.
Diamonds are very hard and strong. They do not require special care in wearing or handling, however one diamond may still damage another so–as with all gemstones–they should be stored separately.
See The 4 C’s for more information on diamonds.